Introduction to Modern Art Slide List Carousel 1

Introduction to Modern Art Slide List Carousel 1

Slide 1: Manet Olympia

Slide 2: Eiffel Tower

Date of birth: March 31, 1889 (hoisting the flag to the top), built for the Universal Exhibition in celebration of the French Revolution.

Age: 114 years

Contractor: Gustave Eiffel & Cie

Engineers: Maurice Koechlin & Emile Nouguier

Architect: Stephen Sauvestre

Studies: Begun in 1884

Construction: 1887 to 1889 (2 years, 2 m onths

and 5 days)

Composition: 18,038 pieces, 2,500,000 rivets

Weight of the metal structure: 7,300 tons

Total weight: 10,100 tons

Height: 324m (height with flagpole)

Numbers of visitors up to December 31, 2002 204,381,152

Distinctive feature: recognizable throughout the entire world

Number of steps: 1665

Owner: City of Paris SNTE, Official Eiffel Tower website, , 29 September 2003

The Eiffel Tower was built for the David Oath of the Horatii

Rome v. Alba 669 BC

Combat between 3 Horatii and 3 Century uriatii (a sister of each is married / bethrothed to the other)

Also see Corneille and Poussin

Slide 4: Gericault Raft of the Medusa

Slide 5: Courbet Funeral at Ornans

In this huge painting, Courbet depicts the funeral scene of an ordinary citizen of the village. The open

grave at the center front of the painting is surrounded by a great S-curve of pallbearers, priest and altar

boys, gravedigger, family and friends in mourning. The composition is, in many ways, classical, yet the

subject matter — the burial of an unknown villager –is starkly different from the grandiloquent depictions of

famous historical events or wealthy, powerful people so common in contemporary 19 painting.

This deliberate and radical choice of subject is also reflected in the title of the painting, which only

locates the burial by town and not person.

The grouping of mourners and attendants follows the horizon or distant cliffs –no one ‘s head extends into

the sky. Only the crucifix, held by a religious attendant, is outlined by the muted tones of the sky. The

earthbound nature of life is thus emphasized, as the figures are framed by dirt and rock.

Courbet instills the human touch into his painting. An altar boy gazes with a look of innocence up at a

pall bearer. A young girl peers around the skirts of her elders. Several grief – stricken women clutch

handkerchiefs to their faces.


Courbet was a member and co- founder of the realism school of painting. His painting, The Stone Cutters, of laborers breaking stone by the side of a road, caused an uproar when it was exhibited….

Slide 6: Claude Monet Old St. Lazare Station(image not found)

Slide 7: Cassatt Woman in Black at the Opera

Born in Pittsburgh, this American artist studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in

Philadelphia before traveling extensively throughout Europe. The daughter of an affluent businessman,

Cassatt ‘ s parents were not enthused with their daughter ‘ s aspirations to became an artist, preferring

instead for her to return home to marry and settle down. But the independent Cassatt made Paris her

permanent home in 1874, the year of the first Impressionist Exhibition and Cassatt ‘ s first Salon

success. She met Degas in 1877 and the relationship had an immediate effect on Cassatt ‘ s work.

While she employed an impressionist style and exhibited at 4 of 8 Impressionist exhibitions, her

paintings express a uniqueness of their own. Most famous for her mother and daughter paintings,

Cassatt also called upon other motifs which depicted the world around her. Access to the cafes and

corridors of her male counterparts were denied to women, yet Cassatt ‘ s paintings are expressions of her

ability to circumvent these limitations and reflect another aspect of Parisian modern life. She produced

genre paintings and portraiture, and Cassatt ‘ s depictions of women are ones of independent and

powerful beings. Cassatt became an important promoter of Impressionism in America. In 1914 she was

awarded the gold Metal of Honor from Pennsylvania Academy.

Opera and theatre were popular subjects for the Impressionists, often treated by Degas and Renoir, but

here Cassatt tries something different. She presents her subject in the role of viewer. A role generally

taken on by the male. Analysis of this painting centers around notions of gazing and the spectator. Like

Cassatt herself, this woman is clear sighted and determined. With the tools of sight in her hands, she

immerses herself in the activity of looking. Veins straining in her arm, she is oblivious to the spectator,

and to the man who gazes at her from the distant balcony. This painting can be compared to Renoirs

Loge (1874).

Slide 8: Seurat Un Baignade Asniers

Bathers at Asni'res

Full title:’Bathers at Asni'res (‘ Une Baignade, Asni'res ‘)’


Georges Seurat, 1859 – 1891

NG 3908.Bought by the Trustees of the Courtauld Fund, 1924.

Signed: Seurat.

Asni'res is an industrial suburb west of Paris on the River Seine. The present work shows a group of

young workmen taking their leisure by the river.

This was the first of Seurat ‘s large – scale compositions. He drew cont' crayon studies for individual

figures using live models, and made small oil sketches on site which he used to help design the

composition and record effects of light and atmosphere. Some fourteen oil sketches and ten drawings

survive. The final composition, painted in the studio, combines information from both.

While the painting was not executed using Seurat ‘s pointillist technique, which he had not yet invented,

the artist later reworked areas of this picture using dots of contrasting colour to create a vibrant,

luminous effect. For example, dots of orange and blue were added to the boy ‘s hat.

The simplicity of the forms and the use of regular shapes clearly defined by light recalls paintings by the

Renaissance artist Piero della Francesca….

Slide 9: Cezanne The Grand Bathers

Slide 10: van Gogh Self-Portrait 1889

He painted five self – portraits in 1889

Slide 11: Millais Ophelia

Slide 12: Moreau L’Apparition

Slide 13: Kandinsky Composition IV

Slide 14: Duchamp Fountain

Fountain (1917) by Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968).

Slide 15: Pollock Number 1

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