1250-1400: Northern Sculpture 2

Sculpture and architecture

Slide 1: Southwell Minster, Chapter House capitals

Slide 2: Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir Triforium

Slide 3: Strasbourg Cathedral, Doomsday Pillar

Slide 4: Paris, Palais de la Cite, Grand Salle(image not found)

Slide 5: Westminster Hall

Slide 6: Heckington, Easter Sepulchre

Reliquaries and ivories

Slide 7: Evreux, Shrine of St Taurin

Slide 8: Aachen, Three-Towers reliquary(image not found)

Slide 9: Virgin of Jeanne d’Evreux (Paris, Louvre)

Slide 10: Limoges, dove-shaped host

Eucharistic Dove , ca. 1215 – 1235
French; Made in Limoges
Gilded copper with champlevé enamel; 7 1/2 x 8 1/16 in. (19 x 20.5 cm)
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917 (17.190. 344)

Slide 11: Virgin and Child ivory (Paris, Louvre)

Slide 12: Villeneuve-les-Avignon Virgin and Child ivory (Luxembourg)

Slide 13: Scenes from the Life of Christ (Paris, Louvre)(image not found)

Slide 14: Coronation and Death of the Virgin (V&A)

Object Diptych Title The Salting Diptych Date early 14th century Techniques Carved ivory Artist/designer Unknown, Westminster, England, height 21.6cm, width 16.2cm

This diptych, named after the person who donated it to the Museum, is one of the comparatively rare Gothic ivories to be unequivocally accepted as English. Thicker than any existing French ivory relief – each leaf measures 2.6cm in depth – the style of the figures of Christ and of the Virgin and Child has traditionally been associated with late 13th and early 14th century work at Westminster and with the Eleanor Crosses erected in the early 1290s to commemorate the death of Eleanor of Castile, wife of Edward I. There are also parallels with slightly later sculptures, such as the Percy tomb at Beverley (about 1330-1340). The use of the ogee arch and the unusual, monumental form of the individual figures – as opposed to the smaller and more crowded scenes from the Gospels found on French ivories – reinforce the idea that this was produced in England, probably in a court workshop. In effect, the figures have the appearance of small free-standing statues enclosed within niches, or of three-dimensional Northern versions of the full-length figures found in Italian 14th-century painted predella panels.

Slide 15: Deposition from the Cross (Paris, Louvre)(image not found)

Sacred images and effigies

Slide 16: Chartres, Coronation of the Virgin (north transept)

Slide 17: Amiens, Coronation of the Virgin (south-west doorway)

Amiens West Front

Slide 18: Amiens, Vierge Doree

Slide 19: The Krumlov Madonna (Vienna, KHM)

Slide 20: Strasbourg Cathedral, Madonna and King Solomon (west gable)

Slide 21: Prague, St George and the Dragon

Slide 22: Westminster Abbey, Tomb of Eleanor of Castile

Eleanor of Castile (born about 1244, died 1290) has a fine tomb in St Edward’s chapel, with a gilt bronze effigy, cast by goldsmith William Torel in 1291. She died at Harby in Nottinghamshire and Edward erected memorial crosses at the places where her funeral procession rested on its way to London. She holds the string of her cloak in one hand but the sceptre in her other hand has now gone. The tomb slab and pillows beneath her head are covered with the emblems of Castile and Leon (castles and lions). On the ambulatory side is a carved iron grille of exquisite workmanship by Thomas of Leighton Buzzard. The Norman-French inscription can be translated as,

‘Here lies Eleanor, sometime Queen of England, wife of King Edward son of King Henry, and daughter of the King of Spain and Countess of Ponthieu, on whose soul God in His pity have mercy. Amen’.

Slide 23: Dorchester Abbey, Tomb of a Knight

Slide 24: Westminster Abbey, Tomb of Edmund Crouchback

Towards 1400: Peter Parler and Claus Sluter

Slide 25: Prague Cathedral, Tomb of Otakar I and triforium busts(image not found)

Slide 26: Dijon, Chartreuse de Champmol, The fountain of Moses, the portal and the tomb of Philip the Bold

The Well of Moses, the Chartreuse (Charterhouse) de Champmol Claus Sluter
1395-1406, polychromed and gilded stone http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/sluter/sluter.html

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