Sandro Botticelli

Sandro Botticelli

Original name Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi (b. 1445, Florence Italy – d. May 17, 1510, Florence),

Florentine early Renaissance painter whose Birth of Venus (1485) and Primavera (1477-78) are

often said to epitomize for modern viewers the spirit of the Renaissance. His ecclesiastical

commissions included work for all the major churches of Florence and for the Sistine Chapel in Rome.

His name is derived from his elder brother Giovanni, a pawnbroker, who was called Il Botticello (The Little Barrel).

Although he was one of the most individual painters of the Italian Renaissance, Sandro Botticelli

remained little known for centuries after his death. Then his work was rediscovered late in the 19 th

century by a group of artists in England known as the Pre-Raphaelites.

Born Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi in Florence in 1445, Sandro Botticelli was apprenticed to a goldsmith. Later

he was a pupil of the painter Fra Filippo Lippi. He spent all his life in Florence except for a visit to Rome

in 1481-82. There he painted wall frescoes in the Sistine Chapel of the Vatican.

In Florence, Sandro Botticelli was a protege of several members of the powerful Medici family. He painted

portraits of the family and many religious pictures, including the famous The Adoration of the Magi.

The most original of his paintings are those illustrating Greek and Roman legends. The best known are

the two large panels Primavera and The Birth of Venus.

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