Essay – Introduction to Modern Art

Art changes only through strong convictions, convictions strong enough to change society at the same time. So proclaimed Theophile Thore, quarante-huitard critic, admirer of Theodore Rousseau, Millet, and Courbet, an art historian who discovered Vermeer and one of the spokesmen for a new, more democratic art, in 1855, in exile from Louis Napoleon’s imperial France.

Slide 1: Constable Stonehenge

John Constable (1776-1837) 2500BC Stonehenge built William Blake claimed to be a Druid William Wordsworth wrote a poem on Stonehenge Turner made sketches, prints and paintings 1811-13 The Sublime

Slide 2: Kandinsky Cossacks

Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944), Cossacks, 1910-1

Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944)

Kandinsky ‘s special understanding of the affinities between painting and music and his belief in the Gesamtkunstwerk , or the total work of art

Symbolists loved Wagner – Germanic myths and legends

Lohengrin stirred

Slide 3: Cabanel The Birth of venus

Alexandre Cabanel (1823-1889)

Born in Montpellier , France , 1823 , Alexander Cabanel was probably best known as a teacher of the academic arts . …

Slide 4: Manet Olympia

Slide 5: Monet Autumn Effect at Argenteuil

Claude MONET 1840 – 1926

Autumn effect at Argenteuil 1873

Courtauld Gallery , Courtauld Institute of Art


Slide 6: Pollock Autumn Rhythm

Slide 7: Kirchner, Street Scene

Slide 8: Picasso Le Demoiselles d’Avignon

Slide 9: Mary Cassatt,The Cup of tea

The Cup of Tea, 1879


Slide 10: Pollock The Cup of Tea, 1946


Slide 11: Oppenheim, Fur Cup, Spoon and Saucer,

Meret Oppenheim

Born 1913, Berlin, Germany. Died 1985. research style and find similar artists: Sculpture / Surrealism / Writing . Meret Oppenheim is probably best known for the fur teacup and spoon, one of the most recognized of Surrealist Objects. Many of her objects and paintings created during the same period have since been lost. Her contributions to the Surrealist Movement, and associations with many members of the group began well before she turned 20 years of age.

Slide 12: Sherman Untitled no.3

See :

Slide 13: Barr Diagram of the Development of Abstract Art

Alfred H . Barr ( can ‘t find what the H. stands for ) born 1902 died 1981, Princeton and Harvard, toured Europe, loved Vincent Van Gogh

Barr ‘s own words , “A work of art . . . is worth looking at primarily because it represents a composition or organization of colour, line, light and shade. Resemblance to natural objects, while it does not necessarily destroy these aesthetic values, may easily adulterate their purity. …”

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