Date of birth: March 31, 1889 (hoisting the flag to the top), built for the Universal Exhibition in celebration of the French Revolution.
Age: 114 years
Contractor: Gustave Eiffel & Cie
Engineers: Maurice Koechlin & Emile Nouguier
Architect: Stephen Sauvestre
Studies: Begun in 1884
Construction: 1887 to 1889 (2 years, 2 m onths
and 5 days)
Composition: 18,038 pieces, 2,500,000 rivets
Weight of the metal structure: 7,300 tons
Total weight: 10,100 tons
Height: 324m (height with flagpole)
Numbers of visitors up to December 31, 2002 204,381,152
Distinctive feature: recognizable throughout the entire world
Number of steps: 1665
Owner: City of Paris
The Eiffel Tower was built for the International Exhibition of Paris of 1889 commemorating the centenary of the French Revolution. The Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII of England, opened the tower. Of the 700 proposals submitted in a design competition, Gustave Eiffel ‘s was unanimously chosen.
However it was not accepted by all at first, and a petition of 300 names – including those of Maupassant, Emile Zola, Charles Garnier (architect of the Op'ra Garnier), and Dumas the Younger – protested its construction.