1250-1400: Micro-Architecture

Rayonnant Gothic and its design principles; ‘micro-architecture’

Slide 1: St-Denis, begun 1231
St_Denis_nave_and_tombs

Note the royal tombs, the soaring small shafts each with a function and the mullions running down from the clerestory through the triforium

Slide 2: Strasbourg Cathedral, west fa�ade, begun 1277, designs ‘A’ and ‘B’
Strasbourg_cathedral_facade_design_detail

Cathedrale de Strasbourg, façade occidentale (detail), vers 1360-1370, encre noire sur parchemin, lavis, peinture — l’eau, 410 x 82,5 cm

Slide 3: Paris, Notre Dame, N and S transepts by Jean de Chelles and Pierre de Montreuil, begun c. 1240
Notre_Dame_Paris_South_transept

Slide 4: Westminster Abbey, tomb of Edmund ‘Crouchback’ (d. 1296), by Michael of Canterbury?
Westminster_Abbey_Tomb_Edmund_Crouchback

The shrine and relic associations of micro-architecture; altarpieces

Slide 5: Cologne cathedral, choir, begun 1248, with Shrine of Three Magi, begun c. 1180
Shrine_of_the_Three_Magi

Slide 6: Paris, Ste-Chapelle, 1241-8
St_Chapelle_interior

Slide 7: Evreux, shrine of St-Taurin, completed by 1255
Evreux_Shrine_of_St_Taurin

Slide 8: Westminster Abbey, Retable, c. 1270
Westminster_Abbey_retable_c1270

Slide 9: Hereford, tomb/shrine of St Thomas Cantiloupe, 1280s
Hereford_tomb_St_Thomas_Cantiloupe_1280s

Slide 10: Durham Cathedral, Neville screen, 1379
Durham_Neville_Screen

Slide 11: Hawton and Heckington Easter Sepulchres, 1330s
Hawton_Easter_Sepulchre_1330s

Slide 12: Marienstatt altarpiece (Germany), 1360s
Marienstatt_altarpiece

Slide 13: Schloss Tirol altarpiece, Innsbruck, Landesmuseum, c. 1370
Schloss_Tirol_altarpiece

Altar von Schloss Tirol, um 1370/73, Wiener Hofmaler, Meister Konrad (urk. seit 1368 genannt), ltempera auf Buchenholz, Schrein H 249 cm, B 139 cm, T 28,5 cm, Kunstgeschichtliche Sammlungen, Innsbruck

Slide 14: Jacques de Baerze and Melchior Broederlam, Champmol altarpiece, 1394/9, Dijon, Musee
Broederlam_Champmol_altarpiece_1394-9

Slide 15: Aachen, Charlemagne and ‘Three-Tower’-reliquaries, 1370s(image not found)

Slide 16: Nuremberg, Schoner Brunnen, begun c. 1385?

Modern copy of a 14thC fountain that looks like a sacrament house (compare with sacrament house architecture: late example in Nuremberg, St Laurence, 1490s, by Adam Kraffi)

Tombs

Slide 17: Hereford, Bishop Pierre Aquablanca (d. 1268)(image not found)

Slide 18: Canterbury, Archbishop Pecham (d. 1292), by Michael of Canterbury?
Canterbury_cathedral_Archbishop_Peckham_tomb_1292

Tomb of Archbishop Peckham (d. 1292), wooden effigy (originally with silver mitre),
Northwest transept

Slide 19: Westminster Abbey, ‘Crouchback’
Westminster_Abbey_Tomb_Edmund_Crouchback

Slide 20: Gloucester, Edward II (d. 1327), by Thomas of Canterbury?
Gloucester_Cathedral_Edward_II_tomb

Slide 21: Avignon, Pope John XXII(image not found)

Slide 22: Beverley, Percy Tomb, c. 1340
Beverley_tomb_of_Lady_Idonea_Percy_c1340

Slide 23: Canterbury, Archbishop Stratford (d. 1348)
Canterbury_Stratford_tomb_1348

Slide 24: Winchester, chantry chapel for Bishop Wykeham (d. 1404)
Winchester_cathedral_Tomb_William_of_Wykeham_1404

(compare later example for Bishop Alcock (d. 1486) at Ely)

Micro-Architecture

Slide 25: Eleanor Crosses, 1291ff.
Eleanor_Cross_Hardingston

Slide 26: Westminster, St Stephen’s Chapel, begun 1292 by Michael of Canterbury
Westminster_St_Stephens_Chapel

Slide 27: Canterbury, chapter house with prior’s throne, c. 1300
Canterbury_Chapter_House

Slide 28: Westminster palace, lost murals for Edward II, 1290s(image not found)
Slide 29: Exeter, bishop’s throne and pulpitum, designed by Thomas of Witney, 1320s
Exeter_Cathedral_bishops_throne

Slide 30: Southwell, pulpitum, c. 1330
Southwell_Pulpitum_c1330

Slide 31: Tomb slab of an architect
Reims_cathedral_tomb_Hugues_Libergier

Slide 32: Prague, sacristy, c. 1360 by Peter Parler(image not found)

The ‘Heavenly Jerusalem’

Slide 33: Reims cathedral, begun 1211
Reims_Cathedral_exterior

Slide 34: Cologne, window from former Dominican Church, c. 1280
Cologne_Cathedral_Window

Slide 35: Cologne Cathedral, choir, completed 1322
Cologne_cathedral_upper_choir_stained_glass_1322

Slide 36: Tewkesbury, apse windows for the dispensers and de Clares, 1330s
Tewkesbury_stained_glass

Slide 37: Gloucester, east arm (begun 1337 by Thomas of Canterbury?) and window
Gloucester_cathedral_east_window

10/03/05 Andreas Putz

 

 

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