Visual Analysis: Architecture
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Slide 1: Crystal Palace
Slide 2: Cordoba, Great Mosque
Slide 3: Damascus, Great Mosque
Slide 4: Chartres cathedral
Slide 5: Siena, aerial view
Slide 6: Houses of Parliament
Slide 7: Delhi, Viceroy’s House(image not found)
Slide 8: Louvre, Pyramid
Slide 9: Banqueting House, Whitehall
Slide 10: Caernarvon Castle
Slide 11: Stokesay Castle, Herefordshire
One of the finest fortified manor houses in England and built originally by Lawrence de Ludlow, a wealthy wool merchant in the 13th century. The de Sayes fortified it against Welsh marauders. It is from the de Sayes that its name derives. It has its own timber-framed gatehouse built around 1600. The parish church sustained damage during the English Civil War by Parliamentary forces, after the action that took place on 8th June 1645. Sir William Crofts, the ablest of the Herefordshire Royalists was killed in the action.
Slide 12: Salisbury cathedral
Salisbury is one of the finest medieval cathedrals in Britain. It is the mother church of the Salisbury
Diocese, an area which covers most of the counties of Wiltshire and Dorset.
Started in 1220 it was completed by 1258, with the Spire, the tallest in England (123 m/ 404 ft) added a
generation later. Built to reflect the glory of God in stone and glass, it has always been a setting for
great occasions, for huge colourful processions, a majestic and awe – inspiring church – as it has done for
over 775 years.
Slide 13: St Pancras station
St Pancras Station is the gateway between London and the Midlands.
The station was designed by WH Barlow (1812-1902) Engineer-in-Chief to the Midland Railway and
opened for passenger use in October 1868. The trainshed rises to a height of 105 feet above the rails, is
690 feet in length and 240 wide. At the time it was considered an engineering wonder and was the
largest single – span enclosed space in the world.
London & Continental Stations & Property Ltd. is the facility owner of St Pancras and is responsible for
the management of safety and security matters at the station. Train services are provided by Midland
Main Line Ltd.
Slide 14: Lloyds Building
The Lloyds Building should be seen after dark. It is built in 1986 by the architecture that also designed
Centre Pompidou in Paris, Richard Rogers. The lights of the building accentuate the structures and
service parts like elevators and air – condition shafts. Even when you see the Lloyds building more times,
you can walk around it in astonishment, looking up all the way.
Slide 15: St Peter’s: Sangallo model and executed building (Michelangelo)(image not found)
Slide 17: S.Carlino, Rome
The church and the convent located a the Four Fountain cross – road was designed by Borromini in 1634.
The church, dedicated to S. Carlo, is very small and it is also known as �S. Carlino.� note: worthy the
oval dome with its ingenious little lanterns. Finished in 1667, the fa�ade is one of Borromini’s last
works. In the crypt a small curved chapel reserved for him remains empty, because he committed
suicide in 1667.
Slide 18: S.Mois�, Venice
Church was dedicated to homonym saint by Mois� Venier who took charge of rebuilding it in the Middle
Nevertheless, as the facade shows, the church suffered many changes in the baroque age. The project
of the facade is by Tremignon.
Interior has just one nave and keeps many works of the seventeenth century and, on the wall of the
entrance, a precious organ made in 1700.
Among the paintings exhibited, the Adorazione dei Magi (Three Wise Man Adoration) by Giuseppe
Diamantini, a member of Caracci ‘s school.
In the presbitery it’s possible to admire a painting by Tintoretto and a Ultima Cena (Last Dinner) by
Jacopo Palma il Giovane.
A bronze bas – relief of Genoese school, Gli Angeli che trasportano Cristo morto, and il Padre Eterno in
gloria, fra il gruppo di pie donne (Angels moving dead Christ ‘s body,…), stands in the sacresty near the
Slide 19: Tempietto, S.Pietro in Montorio, Rome
The Tempietto (1502) was designed by Donato Bramante, one of the greatest architects of the Italian
Renaissance. The building, with a domed rotunda and surrounded by columns, was commissioned by
Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain to commemorate St. Peter’s crucifixion. It is located in Rome, in a
convent called San Pietro in Montorio.
Slide 20: Mausoleum, Castle Howard
Designed by Nicholas Hawksmoor alone, the Mausoleum at Castle Howard was begun in 1731.
Hawksmoor had to use all of his considerable knowledge in arguing against the prevailing architectural
pedants to get the mausoleum built as he wished it to be. He was helped in this by the understanding of
Although the stairs were added by Robinson and the platform by Garret, it still stands proud as a
remarkable architectural achievement.
Slide 21: Colosseum
Slide 22: Ely cathedral, nave
12 entry Henry I
Slide 23: Pugin Contrasts
Slide 24: Laon cathedral
Laon is the flagship church of the Northern School of Early Gothic. Thick-walled and highly sculptural,
the building also was supposed to have seven towers.
Slide 25: Kutna Hora (Czech Republic)
Kutn� Hora developed as a result of the exploitation of the silver mines. In the 14 it became a
royal city endowed with monuments that symbolized its prosperity. The Church of St Barbara, a jewel of
the late Gothic period, and the Cathedral of Our Lady at Sedlec, which was restored in line with the
Baroque taste of the early 18, were to influence the architecture of central Europe. These
masterpieces today form part of a well – preserved medieval urban fabric with some particularly fine private
Slide 27: S. Maria delle Carceri, Prato
Slide 28: S.Biagio, Montepulciano
Slide 29: National Gallery, Sainsbury Wing
Slide 30: Coleshill plan(image not found)
Slide 31: Home House plan(image not found)
Slide 32: Blenheim plan
Slide 33: Penshurst plan(image not found)