Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great (336-323): the young Macedonian king who defeated his Persian colleague Darius III Codomannus and conquered his empire. During his campaigns, Alexander visited a.o. Egypt, Babylonia, Persia, Media, Bactria and the valley of the Indus. In the second half of his reign, he had to find a way to rule his newly conquered countries. Therefore, he made Babylon his capital and introduced the oriental court ceremonial, which caused great tensions with his Macedonian and Greek officers.